There are many thousands of dedicated Biodiversity Observation Initiatives (BOI’s) active in bringing the data together, to better understand change in various biodiversity dimensions and scales. GEO BON is actively building up a network of BOI’s to improve the acquisition, coordination and delivery of biodiversity information and services to users, particularly decision-makers.

Biodiversity observation is as diverse and has as many scales as biodiversity itself. While Earth Observation is largely performed by few space agencies, in situ observation is in the responsibility of many thousands of local and national initiatives and governmental programs.

We encourages you to link your initiative to GEO BON following the criteria detailed soon. Actually, Initiatives contributing to GEO BON are mostly of intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, academic institutions and national governmental institutions. These contributors collaborate with one another on a voluntary basis to advance the development and dissemination of observations, data, information, analyses and decision-support services on biodiversity.


iDiv The German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) conducts top-level research and looks at major topics as well as those of increasing social relevance such as environmental change caused by loss of species and habitat, sustainable development and bioresource management.
NASA_logo The US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth System Science conducts and sponsors research, collects new observations from space, develops technologies, and extends science and technology education to learners of all ages.
The United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) evaluates and highlights the many values of biodiversity and put authoritative biodiversity knowledge at the centre of decision-making.

The UNEP-WCMC Species Database – includes data on 75,720 animals and 88,763 plants of conservation interest, as well as 94,034 sub-species, stocks or synonyms.

The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is a global network of data providers that builds biodiversity information infrastructure and promotes the growth of biodiversity information content on the Internet by working with partner initiatives and coordinating activities worldwide.
The ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB) is an intergovernmental, regional centre of excellence that facilitates cooperation among the members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and relevant national governments and regional and international organizations on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of such biodiversity.
The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO), established in 1960 as a body with functional autonomy within UNESCO, is the only competent organization for marine science within the UN system.

The purpose of the Commission is to promote international cooperation and to coordinate programmes in research, services and capacity-building, in order to learn more about the nature and resources of the ocean and coastal areas and to apply that knowledge for the improvement of management, sustainable development, the protection of the marine environment, and the decision-making processes of its Member States. In addition, IOC is recognized through the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) as the competent international organization in the fields of Marine Scientific Research (Part XIII) and Transfer of Marine Technology (Part XIV).

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Map of Life – an online resource for mapping, monitoring and analyzing biodiversity worldwide.


Also see the paper Integrating biodiversity distribution knowledge: toward a global map of life.

The Southern African Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land Management (SASSCAL) is a joint initiative of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Germany, responding to the challenges of global change. The establishment of SASSCAL could create added value for the whole southern African region. It should be conceptualised and operationalised to complement the excellent existing research and capacity development infrastructures and research initiatives in the region. It should be embedded in the regional and national research. Its mission is to conduct problem-oriented research in the area of adaptation to climate and change and sustainable land management and provide evidence-based advice for all decision-makers and stakeholders to improve the livelihoods of people in the region and to contribute to the creation of an African knowledge-based society.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a membership organization made up of more than 1,000 organizations, as well as 10,000 individual scientists and experts structured in six Commissions.
World Data Base on Protected Areas (WDPA) – contains crucial information from governments and organizations intended for ecological gap analysis, environmental impact analysis and private sector decision-making.
GEO BON has been recognized by the parties to the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity)
CSIRO (The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) –  Australia’s leading multidisciplinary research organisation, with more than 5000 talented people working out of 55 centres in Australia and internationally. CSIRO play a vital role in enhancing collaboration within the Australian national innovation system, and as a trusted advisor to government, industry and the community.
International Long Term Ecological Research (ILTER) consists of networks of scientists engaged in long-term, site-based ecological and socioeconomic research. Our mission is to improve understanding of global ecosystems and inform solutions to current and future environmental problems.
The US Geological Service (USGS) provides reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect the quality of life.
The Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS) is an international charity that operates the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey.

The Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey is the longest, most geographically extensive (pan Atlantic and other ocean basins) marine biological survey in the world with a unique data set of marine biodiversity. See also the paper Plankton biodiversity of the North Atlantic: changing patterns revealed by the Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey.

The Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ) is the leading research institute in The Netherlands for the marine sciences.
The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) and its global network of regional and thematic OBIS nodes integrates data from many sources over a wide range of marine themes, from the poles to the equator, and from microbes to whales.
The Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) is an international network of scientists, governments, Indigenous organizations and conservation groups working to harmonize and integrate efforts to monitor the Arctic’s living resources. The CBMP has been endorsed by the Arctic Council and the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and is the official Arctic Biodiversity Observation Network of GEO BON.
The BioFresh Platform – a collection of resources and tools to support better science, policy and management of freshwater life. See also the Global Freshwater Biodiversity Atlas – a gateway to published and open access geographical freshwater biodiversity information.

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Google Earth Engine — trillions of scientific measurements dating back over 40 years.

Online tool for scientists, independent researchers, and nations to detect changes, map trends and quantify differences on the Earth’s surface.

The Natural History Museum – Data Portal over 20 million specimens.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 “to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…”
predicts-logo-366w PREDICTS – Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems – is a collaborative project aiming to use a meta-analytic approach to investigate how local biodiversity typically responds to human pressures such as land-use change, pollution, invasive species and infrastructure, and ultimately improve our ability to predict future biodiversity changes.
ESRI – Since 1969, Esri has been giving customers around the world the power to think and plan geographically. The market leader in GIS technology, Esri software is used in more than 350,000 organizations worldwide including each of the 200 largest cities in the United States, most national governments, more than two-thirds of Fortune 500 companies, and more than 7,000 colleges and universities. Esri applications, running on more than one million desktops and thousands of web and enterprise servers, provide the backbone for the world’s mapping and spatial analysis. Esri is the only vendor that provides complete technical solutions for desktop, mobile, server, and Internet platforms.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in the Earth’s environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources.
Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) – U.S. IOOS is a federal, regional and private sector partnership working to enhance the ability to collect, deliver and use ocean information. IOOS delivers data and information needed to increase understanding of our ocean and coasts so that decision makers can act to improve safety, enhance the economy, and protect the environment.
The University of South Florida, College of Marine Science – The University of South Florida’s College of Marine Science (CMS) is a leader in interdisciplinary research and education at the graduate level. Its researchers seek to advance knowledge in ocean biodiversity to address conservation of resources for sustainable use, social health, and a vibrant economy for all. This includes research and capacity building on biodiversity, sustainable fisheries, primary production, harmful algal blooms, coral reef health, ocean acidification and nutrient chemistry, sea level rise, floods, land-ocean interactions, paleoclimate, and remote sensing and sensor development. The CMS is engaged in building the Marine Biodiversity Observation System of GEO BON (MBON).