[1] Hardisty et al. (2013): See reference below

[2] Research Data Alliance: Data Citation Working Group: https://rd-alliance.org/groups/data-citation-wg.html

[3] Research Data Alliance: Data Type Registries Working Group: https://rd-alliance.org/groups/data-type-registries-wg.html

[4] Hobern et al. (2012): See reference below

[5] Refer to supplementary material for a review of licenses and exceptions to open licenses: Included in this document

[6] Research Data Alliance: Repository Audit and Certification DSA–WDS Partnership Working Group: https://rd-alliance.org/groups/repository-audit-and-certification-dsa%E2%80%93wds-partnership-wg.html

[7] Research Data Alliance: Practical Policy Working Group: https://rd-alliance.org/groups/practical-policy-wg.html

[8] GEO Data Management Principles: https://www.earthobservations.org/documents/dswg/201504_data_management_principles_long_final.pdf

[9] Research Data Alliance: Vocabulary Services Interest Group: https://rd-alliance.org/groups/vocabulary-services-interest-group.html

[10] Saarenmaa et al. (2014): See reference below

[11] Darwin Core and Archive Extensions: http://www.gbif.org/resource/80636

[12] International Geo Sample Number (IGSN): http://schema.igsn.org/description/

[13] Research Data Alliance: Management and Curation of Physical Samples : https://rd-alliance.org/bof-management-and-curation-physical-samples-ig.html

[14] Research Data Alliance: Biodiversity Data Integration Interest Group: https://rd-alliance.org/groups/biodiversity-data-integration-ig.html

[15] Genomic Standards Consortium: http://gensc.org/mixs/

[16] Genbank and INSDC Members: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/

[17] Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/

[18] ArrayExpress: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/

[19] Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF): http://www.gbif.org/

[20] Map of Life: https://www.mol.org/about

[21] Ocean Biogeographic Information System: http://www.iobis.org/

[22] Morphobank: http://morphobank.org/index.php/Documentation/Index#d5e1285

[23] TreeBASE: https://treebase.org/treebase-web/home.html

[24] MorphoSource: http://morphosource.org/

[25] Open Geospatial Consortium Standards: http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards

[26] Global Change Master Directory: http://gcmd.nasa.gov/

[27] THREDDS – ISO 19115 conversion: https://geo-ide.noaa.gov/wiki/index.php?title=NetCDF_Attribute_Convention_for_Dataset_Discovery#Open_Geospatial_Consortium_Catalog_Service_for_the_Web_.28CSW.29

[28] ncWMS – University of Reading: http://www.resc.rdg.ac.uk/trac/ncWMS/

[29] DataOne: https://www.dataone.org/

[30] DataCite: http://www.datacite.org

[31] International Long Term Ecological Research Network (ILTER): http://www.ilternet.edu/

[32] NASA SWEET Ontology: https://sweet.jpl.nasa.gov/

[33] EnvO: http://www.environmentontology.org/

[34] Biodiversity Catalogue: https://www.biodiversitycatalogue.org/services

[35] GEOSS Broker: http://www.eurogeoss.eu/broker/default.aspx

[36] EU BON: http://www.eubon.eu/

[37] Catalogue of Life: http://www.catalogueoflife.org/

[38] Encyclopedia of Life: http://www.eol.org/

[39] Plazi: http://plazi.org/news/beitrag/data-sharing-principles-and-legal-interoperability-for-essential-biodiversity-variables/13f96ba8031d1c42c4519d3863e203e8/

[40] Open Biodiversity Knowledge Management System (OBKMS): http://pro-ibiosphere.eu/getatt.php?filename=oo_4670.pdf

[41] Research Data Alliance: Federated Identity Management Interest Group: https://rd-alliance.org/groups/federated-identity-management.html

[42] Creative-B Roadmap: http://www.slideshare.net/dmanset/20140909creativeb-roadmap-interactive

[43] EarthCube: https://docs.google.com/document/d/10OhZntRpizn-KaYECXtGY_tcVbanG2kR0OFJ7JZpnWw/edit#

[44] GEO BON Information Architecture Principles: https://www.earthobservations.org/documents/cop/bi_geobon/geobon_information_architecture_principles.pdf

[45] Walls et al., 2014: See reference below

[46] Traitbank: http://eol.org/info/516

[47] Hagedorn et al., 2011: See reference below

[48] Canadensys – Open Licenses: http://www.canadensys.net/2012/why-we-should-publish-our-data-under-cc0

[49] iNaturalist – Open Licenses: http://inaturalist.tumblr.com/post/138557593458/changes-to-gbif-licensing-requirements

Publications

Agosti, D. & Egloff, W. (2009). Taxonomic information exchange and copyright: the Plazi approach. BMC Research Notes 2009, 2: 53

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-2-53

Ariño, A.H. (2010) Approaches to estimating the universe of natural history collections data. Biodiversity Informatics 7:81–92.

Catapano, T. (2010). TaxPub: An extension of the NLM/NCBI journal publishing DTD for taxonomic descriptions. In: Journal Article Tag Suite Conference (JATS-Con) Proceedings 2010 [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Center for Biotechnology Information (US); 2010.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK47081/

Chavan, V. & Penev, L. (2011). The data paper: a mechanism to incentivize data publishing in biodiversity science. BMC Bioinformatics, 12 (Suppl 15): S2.

doi: 10.1186/1471-2105-12-S15-S2

Goddard, A., N. Wilson, P. Cryer, & G. Yamashita, (2011). Data hosting infrastructure for primary biodiversity data, BMC Bioinformatics. 2011, 12(Suppl 15): S5. Published online Dec 15, 2011. 

doi:  10.1186/1471-2105-12-S15-S5

Hagedorn, G., Mietchen, D., Agosti, D., Penev, L., Berendsohn, W. & Hobern, D. (2011). Creative Commons licenses and the non-commercial condition: Implications for the re-use of biodiversity information. ZooKeys 150: 127-149.
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.150.2189

Hardisty, A., Roberts, D. & The Biodiversity Informatics Community (2013). A decadal view of biodiversity informatics: challenges and priorities. BMC Ecology 13:16

http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6785/13/16

Hernandez, V., Poigné, A., Giddy, J., Hardisty, A., Voss, A. & Voss, H. (2009). Towards a reference model for the Lifewatch ICT infrastructure. Lecture notes in informatics 154

Hernandez, V., Poigné, A. & Giddy J, Hardisty, A. (2009). Data and modelling tool structures reference model. Lifewatch Deliverable 5.1.3.

Hobern, D. et al. (2012). Global Biodiversity Informatics Outlook. GBIF

http://www.biodiversityinformatics.org/download-gbio-report/

Hoffman, A., Penner, J., Vohland, K., Cramer, W., Doubleday, R., Henle, K., Kõljalg, U., Kühn, I., Kunin, W.E., Negro, J.J., Penev, L., Rodriguez, C., Saarenmaa, H., Schmeller, D.S., Stoev, P., Sutherland, W.J., Ó Tuama, É., Wetzel, F. & Häuser, C. (2014). The need for an integrated biodiversity policy support process – Building the European contribution to a global Biodiversity Observation Network (EU BON). 20 p, submitted.

Inspire Thematic Working Group Species Distribution (2013). Data specification on species distribution – Draft Technical Guidelines v.3.0rc3.

Kery, M., Royle, A., Schmid, H., Schaub, M., Volet, B., Häfliger, G. & Zbinden, N. (2010). Site-occupancy distribution modeling to correct population-trend estimates derived from opportunistic observations. Conservation Biology 24: 1388-1397.

Kissling, W., Hardisty, A., Alonso García, E., Santamaria, M., De Leo, F., Pesole, G., Freyhof, J., Manset, D, Wissel, S., Konijn, J. & Los, W. (2015). Towards global interoperability for supporting biodiversity research on essential biodiversity variables (EBVs). Biodiversity, 16:2-3, 99-107,

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2015.1068709

Hugo, W., Saarenmaa, H. & Schmidt, J. (2013). Development of extended content standards for biodiversity data. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013. Vienna, 8-12 April 2013. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-6968, 2013.

Hugo, W., Jensen, S., Onsrud, H. & Ziegler, R. (2011). White Paper 3: Crowdsourcing and Environmental Science, Eye On Earth Summit, Abu Dhabi, September 2011. http://www.eyeonearthsummit.org/sites/default/files/WG3_WP3_formatted_Dec5_Final%20check_.pdf

Michener, W.K., Brunt, J.W., Helly, J.J., Kirchner, T.B. & Stafford, S.G. (1997). Nongeospatial metadata for the ecological sciences. Ecological Applications 7 (1): 330-342.

Nativi, S., Craglia, M., Pearlman, J. (2012). The brokering approach for multidisciplinary interoperability: A position paper. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, 2012, Vol.7, 1-15.

Nativi, S., Mazzetti, P. & Geller, G. (2013). Environmental model access and interoperability: The GEO Model Web initiative, Environmental Modelling & Software Volume 39, January 2013, Pages 214–228 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2012.03.007

Penev, L., Agosti, D., Georgiev, T., Catapano, T., Miller, J., Blagoderov ,V., Roberts, D., Smith, V., Brake, I., Rycroft, S., Scott, B., Johnson, N., Morris, R., Sautter, G., Chavan, V., Robertson, T., Remsen, D., Stoev, P., Parr, C., Knapp, S., Kress, W.J., Thompson, F. & Erwin, T. (2010). Semantic tagging of and semantic enhancements to systematics papers: ZooKeys working examples. ZooKeys 50: 1-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.50.538

Penev, L., Lyal, C., Weitzman, A., Morse, D., King, D., Sautter, G., Georgiev, T., Morris, R., Catapano, T. & Agosti, D. (2011). XML schemas and mark-up practices of taxonomic literature. ZooKeys 150: 89-116 http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.150.2213

Pereira, H.M., Ferrier, S., Walters, M., Geller, G.N., Jongman, R.H.G., Scholes, R.J., Bruford, M.W., Brummitt, N., Butchart, S.H.M., Cardoso, A.C., Coops, N.C., Dulloo, E., Faith, D.P., Freyhof, J., Gregory, R.D., Heip, C., Höft, R., Hurtt, G., Jetz, W., Karp, D.S., McGeoch, M.A., Obura, D., Onoda, Y., Pettorelli, N., Reyers, B., Sayre, R., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Stuart, S.N., Turak, E., Walpole, M. & Wegmann, M. (2013). Essential Biodiversity Variables. Science 339: 277-278. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1229931

Saarenmaa, H. et al. (2014). Architectural design, review and guidelines for standards, Deliverable 2.1 (D2.1) – EU BON Project, FP 7 Grant 308454. http://eubon.eu/documents/1/

Sautter. G,, Agosti, D. & Böhm, K. (2007). Semi-Automated XML Markup of Biosystematics Legacy Literature with the GoldenGATE Editor. Proceedings of PSB 2007, Wailea, HI, USA, 2007. http://psb.stanford.edu/psb-online/proceedings/psb07/sautter.pdf

Scholes, R.J., Walters, M., Turak, E., Saarenmaa, H., Heip, C.H.R., Ó Tuama, É., Faith, D.P., Mooney, H.A., Ferrier, S., Jongman, R.H.G., Harrison, I.J., Yahara, T., Pereira, H.M., Larigauderie, A. & Geller, G. (2012) Building a global observing system for biodiversity. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4: 139-146.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2011.12.005

Socha, Y. (Ed.) (2013). Out of Cite – Out of Mind – The Current State Of Practice, Policy, And Technology For The Citation Of Data, CODATA-ICSTI Task Group on Data Citation Standards and Practices, Data Science Journal, Volume 12, 13 September 2013 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/dsj/12/0/12_OSOM13-043/_pdf

Ó Tuama, É., Saarenmaa, H., Nativi, S., Bertrand, N., van den Berghe, E., Scott, L., Lane, M., Cotter, G., Canhos, D. & Khalikov, R. (2010). Principles of the GEO BON information architecture. Group on Earth Observations (Geneva), 42 p. http://www.earthobservations.org/documents/cop/bi_geobon/geobon_information_architecture_principles.pdf

Vines, T. et al. (2014). The Availability of Research Data Declines Rapidly with Article Age, Current Biology 24, 94–97, January 6, 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.11.014

Uhlir, P. (2013). The Legal Interoperability of Data, National States Geographic Information Council, Public Resources. http://www.nsgic.org/public_resources/02_Uhlir_Legal-Interoperability-of-Data_NSGIC-Conf_Feb13.pdf

Wallnau, K. (2003). Introducing Predictable Assembly from Certifiable Components (PACC), News at SEI, Library, Carnegie-Mellon Institute. http://www.sei.cmu.edu/library/abstracts/news-at-sei/architect2q03.cfm

Walls, R.L., Deck, J., Guralnick, R., Baskauf, S., Beaman, R., et al. (2014). Semantics in Support of Biodiversity Knowledge Discovery: An Introduction to the Biological Collections Ontology and Related Ontologies. PLoS ONE 9(3): e89606. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089606

Wieczorek, J., Bloom, D., Guralnick, R., Blum, S., Döring, M., De Giovanni, R., Robertson, T. & Vieglais, D. (2012). Darwin Core: An evolving community-developed biodiversity data standard. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029715

Wooley, J.C., Godzik, A., & Friedberg, I. (2010) A primer on metagenomics. PLoS Comput Biol 6: 1000667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1000667