The Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) is an international network of scientists, government agencies, Indigenous organizations and conservation groups working together to harmonize and integrate efforts to monitor the Arctic’s living resources. The CBMP facilitates Arctic biodiversity conservation and the sustainable use of the region’s natural resources. Its goal is to facilitate more rapid detection, communication, and response to significant biodiversity-related trends and pressures. It does this by (1) Harmonizing and enhancing Arctic monitoring efforts, thereby improving the ability to detect and understand significant trends; and (2) Reporting
to, and communicating with, key decision makers and stakeholders, thereby enabling effective conservation and adaptation responses to changes in Arctic biodiversity.

The CBMP is the monitoring programme of Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) which is the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council. CAFF serves as a vehicle to cooperate on species and habitat management and utilization, to share information on management techniques and regulatory regimes, and to facilitate more knowledgeable decision-making. It provides a mechanism to develop common responses on issues of importance for the Arctic ecosystem such as development and economic pressures, conservation opportunities and political commitments.
CAFF consists of National Representatives assigned by each of the eight Arctic Council Member States, representatives of Indigenous Peoples’ organizations that are Permanent Participants to the Council, and Arctic Council observer countries and organizations. The CAFF Working Group operates by the Arctic Council Rules of Procedures.

CAFF is governed by a Chair and Management Board, with support and coordination provided by the International CAFF Secretariat. The CBMP is co-lead by the Kingdom of Denmark and the U.S. with Steering Groups for each ecosystem (see here for members of each steering group: coastal (https://caff.is/coastal), freshwater (https://caff.is/freshwater), marine (https://caff.is/marine), terrestrial (https://caff.is/terrestrial)).

About Arctic BON
Co-leads
Tom Christensen
Aarhus University
Jason Taylor
National Park Service, USA
Key objectives
  1. Implementation of CBMP Strategy for 2017-2020.
  2. Completion of the State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report.
  3. Completion of the State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report.
  4. Completion of the State of the Arctic Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring Plan
  5. Continued development and implementation of CBMP suite of indices and indicators
  6. Continued development of the Arctic Biodiversity Data Service (ABDS)
  7. Contribute to and support of the second Arctic Biodiversity Congress
  8. Inform efforts to consider how the Arctic as a region is contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals and the UNCBD Aichi targets as related to the Arctic
  9. Contribute to and support implementation of the recommendations of the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment
Activities
1. Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: implementation
Leads current leads are Sweden and Canada
Team/Partners See here for list of all members: https://caff.is/freshwater/freshwater-steering-committee
EBV Class
Development approach Data Collection, Modelling, Assessments and Policy Support
Description Pan-Arctic freshwater biodiversity monitoring plan developed by the CBMP to improve the detection and understanding of the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic freshwater ecosystems.
Timeline 2017 2018 2019 2020
Milestones and/or Deliverables Development of the State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report. Completion of the State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report. Release and follow-up of the State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report. Development of next steps and refinement of monitoring plan as
needed.
Resources Supported by Arctic states
Link with other activities
2. Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: implementation
Leads Leads rotate: current leads are Iceland and Sweden
Team/Partners See here for list of all members: https://caff.is/terrestrial/terrestrial-steering-group
EBV Class
Development approach Data Collection, Modelling, Assessments and Policy Support
Description Pan-Arctic terrestrial biodiversity monitoring plan developed by the CBMP to improve the detection and understanding of the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic terrestrial ecosystems.
Timeline 2017 2018 2019 2020
Milestones and/or Deliverables Development of the State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report. Completion of the State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report. Release and follow-up of the State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report. Development of next steps and refinement of monitoring plan as
needed.
Resources Supported by Arctic states
Link with other activities
3. Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: implementation
Leads Leads rotate: current leads are US
Team/Partners See here for list of all members: https://caff.is/marine/marine-steering-group
EBV Class
Development approach Data Collection, Modelling, Assessments and Policy Support
Description Pan-Arctic Marine biodiversity monitoring plan developed by the CBMP to improve the detection and understanding of the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic terrestrial ecosystems.
Timeline 2017 2018 2019 2020
Milestones and/or Deliverables Follow-up on the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity report. Refinement of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity report. Continued implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan. Continued implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.
Resources Supported by Arctic states
Link with other activities
4. Arctic Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: implementation
Leads Leads rotate: current leads are US
Team/Partners See here for list of all members: https://caff.is/coastal/coastal-expert-monitoring-group
EBV Class
Development approach Data Collection, Modelling, Assessments and Policy Support
Description Pan-Arctic coastal biodiversity monitoring plan developed by the CBMP to improve the detection and understanding of the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic terrestrial ecosystems.
Timeline 2017 2018 2019 2020
Milestones and/or Deliverables Development of the State of the Arctic Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring Plan. Completion of the Arctic Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring Plan. Release and implementation of the Arctic Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring Plan. Development of the State of the Arctic Coastal Biodiversity
report.
Resources Supported by Arctic states
Link with other activities
5. ACBMP suite of indices and indicators: implementation
Leads Leads rotate: US and Kingdom of Denmark
Team/Partners See here for list of all members: https://caff.is/indices-and-indicators
EBV Class
Development approach Monitoring Protocol design, Assessments and Policy Support
Description Continued implementation of the CBMP strategy for developing indices and indicators for monitoring Arctic biodiversity in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).
Timeline 2017 2018 2019 2020
Milestones and/or Deliverables Development of Arctic Biodiversity indices and indicators.
Resources Supported by Arctic states
Link with other activities This activity will be supported by the Policy TF.
Data Products
Documents & Publications
Partners
Resources