GEO BON Structure Towards 2020:
Working Groups and Biodiversity Observation Networks

Version 2.2, 26 Jan 2017

Chair
Henrique Miguel Pereira, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Germany

Vice-Chair
Mike Gill, Polar Knowledge Canada

Executive Secretary
Laetitia Navarro, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Germany

Secretariat
Laetitia Navarro, Carlos Guerra, Nestor Fernandez, Christian Langer, Ariane Korn, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Germany

Management Committee

Responsibilities
GEO BON operations; the MC meets monthly to discuss technical and substantive issues regarding GEO BON implementation and coordination.

Composition
Includes the members of the GEO BON Secretariat (Executive Director, Secretary, Programmer), the Chair/Vice-Chair, and other Officers; 3 year terms, renewable once.

Members:

Henrique Miguel Pereira
Chair

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Germany

Mike Gill
Vice-Chair

Polar Knowledge Canada
Canada

Gary Geller
GEO Science Officer

US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
USA

Laetitia Navarro
Executive Secretary

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Germany

Christian Langer
IT Officer

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Germany

Carlos Guerra
ECOPOTENTIAL Scientist

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Germany

Nestor Fernandez
Biodiversity Scientist

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Germany

Ariane Korn
Administrative Assistant

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Germany

Implementation Committee

Responsibilities
The IC implements the deliverables and the implementation plan of GEO BON. It approves the annual budget and has an executive function. The IC meets by phone quarterly and in person once a year. The Chair and Vice-Chair of the Advisory Board are also the Chair and Vice-Chair of the Implementation Committee.

Composition
Those actively engaged in implementing GEO BON including all members of Management Comittee, WG Leads or WG Task Leads and Leads of BON’s. New members must be confirmed by the peers in the Implementation Committee.

Members:

Name Institution Country Capacity
Patricia Balvanera National University of Mexico Mexico WG Ecosystem services
Tom Barry Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Iceland Arctic BON
Tom Christensen Aarhus University Denmark Arctic BON
Mark Costello University of Auckland New Zealand MBON
Aurélie Delavaud Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB) France French BON
Nestor Fernandez German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig Germany GEO BON Secretariat
Gary Geller US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) USA GEO / NASA
Mike Gill Polar Knowledge Canada Canada Vice-Chair / WG BON development
Carlos Guerra German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig Germany GEO BON Secretariat
Matthew C. Hansen University of Maryland USA WG Ecosystem structure
Melodie McGeoch Monash University Australia WG Species populations
Walter Jetz Yale University USA WG Species populations
Frank Muller-Karger University of South Florida USA MBON
Eun-Shik Kim Kookmin University, Seoul South Korea AP BPON
Maria Cecilia Londoño Alexander von Humboldt Institute Colombia Colombia Colombia BON / WG BON development
Tuyeni Heita Mwampamba National University of Mexico Mexico WG Ecosystem services
Laetitia Navarro German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig Germany GEO BON Secretariat
Emily Nicholson Deakin University Australia WG Ecosystem function
Henrique Miguel Pereira German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig Germany Chair
Isabel Sousa Pinto University of Porto Portugal MBON
Nathalie Pettorelli Zoological Society of London (ZSL) UK WG Ecosystem function
Andrew Skidmore University of Twente The Netherlands WG Ecosystem structure
Jason Taylor Bureau of Land Management USA Arctic BON
Eren Turak Office of Environment & Heritage Australia FWBON
Sheila Vergara University of the Philippines Los Baños Philippines AP BON
Petteri Vihervaara Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki Finland WG BON development
Haigen Xu Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences China China BON
Tetsukazu Yahara Kyushu University Japan AP BON
Advisory Board

Responsibilities
The Advisory Board meets once a year, together with the Implementation Committee, to provide strategic direction and feedback on GEO BON and helps to find funding. Members of the Advisory Board are elected by GEO BON’s management committee every 3 years and are renewable once.

Composition
Advisory board members are representatives of organizations, governments, and experts, in a geographically balanced composition as well as other influential individuals with good ties to funding.

Members:

Name Institution Country
Juan Carlos Bello Alexander von Humboldt Institute Colombia Colombia
Stuart Butchart United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP WCMC) UK
Donald Hobern Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Denmark
Robert Höft Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Canada
Eun-Shik Kim Kookmin University, Seoul South Korea
Dora Ann Lange Canhos Reference Center on Environmental Information (CRIA) Brazil
Anne Larigauderie Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Germany
Eugenia Montezuma National System of Conservation Areas Costa Rica
Harold Mooney Stanford University USA
Marc Paganini European Space Agency (ESA) Italy
Anne-Hélène Prieur-Richard Future Earth Canada
Bob Scholes Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) South Africa
Woody Turner US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) USA
Sheila Vergara University of the Philippines Los Baños Philippines
Matt Walpole United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) UK
Haigen Xu Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences China
Working Groups
GEO BON Working Groups
Ecosystem structure

The activities of this new working group are closely related to those of the former WG3 but with a specific focus on characterizing Ecosystem Structure. In general, the WG focuses on measures of ecosystem state and how it is changing, including condition of and change in the structural components that maintain biodiversity characteristics. The WG develops new techniques and algorithms for earth observation from space in characterizing ecosystem structure and its change over time. Activities on Ecosystem function as well as species population and abundance related to EO will be coordinated with the Ecosystem Structure working group, particularly in regard to RS-EBVs.

For more information please visit:

geobon.org/working-groups/ecosystem-structure
Ecosystem function

Biodiversity is defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity as “the variability among living organisms”, the ecological complexes in which they naturally occur, and the ways in which they interact with each other and with the physical environment. It is a fundamentally multidimensional concept that can be measured in terms of different components (genetic, population/species, and community/ecosystem); each of these components has compositional, structural and functional attributes which can be considered the three-dimensions of biodiversity. Organism-based metrics that count the number of distinct species in a defined area (species richness) are the most common proxies used in biodiversity assessments.

For more information please visit:

geobon.org/working-groups/ecosystem-function
Species populations

In 2015 and 2016, a GEOBON expert group has progressed a first conceptualization of the Species Distribution EBV and charted out next steps to advance its empirical capture and use. Over the same time period GEO BON supported the development of essential variables for invasion monitoring. This effort identified the availability of occurrence data for alien species as central to their successful management and highlighted the importance of advances in sharing and integration of such data. With the Species Populations Working Group, we are now entering a second phase with the larger goal of advancing the operational aspects of the SA EBV and especially the SD EBV, supporting scientists to develop example research and conservation applications, and connecting it to other EBVs, indicators and applications.

For more information please visit:

geobon.org/working-groups/species-populations
Ecosystem services

The challenge that this WG faces, is going beyond quantification of the natural system that forms the basis for ecosystem service provision, to incorporation of multiple tradeoffs, multiple scales and a wide range of social dimensions. This requires a broad interdisciplinary team from science and humanities fields that can jointly identify and explore the most crucial components of the system that need to be observed.

Our primary audiences are national, regional and global decision makers, who, through their policies, can influence institutional structures, management practices and human behaviors that eventually affect the status of ecosystems and components of human well being to which they are linked. Specifically, we aim to work closely with governments and NGOs in the countries that we work in as a team; for example, the European Union, the Intergovernmental Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), UN SDGs, UNFCCC, Ecosystem Services Partnership, and the Convention of Biological Diversity. Given the strong science basis of our work, we also aim to influence and inform the academic and scientific community addressing similar issues.

For more information please visit:

geobon.org/working-groups/ecosystem-services
BON development

It is important that a national, regional or thematic BON does not develop and operate in isolation, but rather draws from and contributes to broader regional and global biodiversity observation efforts while, at the same time, allowing flexibility and customization to respond to regional, national and/or local needs. With this in mind, the BON Development Working Group will work with national and international organizations to help facilitate effective and efficient BON’s that primarily serves communities by facilitating policy and decision-making processes and that contribute to global BON efforts.

For more information please visit:

geobon.org/working-groups/bon-development