By Ana Sofia Vaz

July 6, 2021

The Ecosystem Services Working Group highlights three key challenges in the development and implementation of monitoring schemes and indicators of ecosystem services (ES):  (1) combining ES observations, data and methods across scales; (2) identifying operational ES metrics that consider the interactions between people and ecosystems; and (3) integrating the diversity of socio-cultural values and knowledge into monitoring activities. We encourage the ES research community to join us in addressing these focus areas for ES monitoring.


Vaz et al. (in press), Ecosystem Services:

The journey to monitoring ecosystem services: Are we there yet?

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